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Education and Raising Public Awareness in Kazakhstan
Fact Sheet 2.0 MB PDF

Management Improvements at Naurzum National Nature Reserve, Kazakhstan
Technical Brief 1.37 MB PDF

Water management planning for Naurzum National Nature Reserve, Kazakhstan
Technical Brief 1.52 MB PDF

To learn more about SCWP activities in Kazakhstan, click on the links above to download these resources.

Visit our documents page
to view additional project fact sheets and technical briefs.


Kulykol Lake

Geographic Location

Located at 51° 20’ N, 61° 45’ E, 246  m above sea level, in Kamystinsk Rayon of Kostanay Oblast; within Tobol and Ubagan rivers watershed, 5 km west of Taldykol village.


Kulykol is a steppe lake representative of the steppe zone of Northern Kazakhstan, important for the quality and peculiarities of its flora and fauna. The Kulykol Lake region of 3,365 ha, represents a valuable habitat for a number of rare bird species in spring and autumn migration periods, regularly supporting ~20,000 waterfowl. This wetland supports 1% of the western population of the Siberian Crane during migration seasons. It is also very important as a staging area for the threatened Lesser White-fronted Goose.

Kulykol Lake is filled by snowmelt, mainly from the stocked snow in the lake hollow during the winter. Due to its depth, Kulykol Lake does not dry out completely.

Conservation Status

The wetland is listed as one of the most important reserves for waterbirds in Kostanay Oblast and the entire country of Kazakhstan. During the official hunting season, there is a ban on shooting on the water and within 500-m zone around the water. Currently there are two warden posts on the lake.

The government, working in cooperation with international organizations (WWF-Finland, RGG – Russia), published several posters and badges dedicated to the protection of Lesser White-fronted Goose and its habitats.

The Kulykol-Taldykol Lake System was designated a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance, effective 7 May 2009. The preparation of the documents for nomination of the site (including Ramsar Information Sheets and GIS maps of the wetlands) was started in 2005 within the framework of the UNEP/GEF Siberian Crane Wetland Project (Read more about the Ramsar site designation).

SCWP Objectives

The SCWP is working towards designation of Kulykol Lake as a seasonal nature refuge (zakaznik) where any kind of activities on the lake during periods of waterbird nesting and moulting will be prohibited, and only limited activities will be permitted during the fall and spring migration periods. Additionally, the protection would result in the permanent prohibition of hunting on the water and in a 1-km zone around the lake. Three-season (spring, summer, and fall) permanent warden posts will be established on the northern, eastern and southern shores of the lake.

To complement the protected area status and permanent guards, a comprehensive education and public awareness programme is being established.



Kulykol Lake

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Last update: 25 May 2009

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