Bujagh National Park Designated Ramsar Site
On December 14, 2009 the Ramsar Secretariat announced the formal update and boundary extension of the Bujagh National Park Ramsar site (formerly Bandar Kiashahr Lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud). The designation extends the area of the Ramsar site from 500 to 3,177 hectares.
SCWP activities at Bujagh were focused during the second half of the project, with limited activities to increase staff resources and training during the first half of the project. SCWP supported activities included assessment of wetland ecological changes, and identifying ways of reducing waterfowl disturbance from fishing activities. The project also supported the expansion of the Ramsar site to cover the western part of the Sefid Rud River (encompassing the whole National Park).
The SCWP assisted in developing management capacity at this important National Park, through developing an additional guard station, providing equipment and training. A Site Management Committee was established, and a site management plan is being developed by the Department of Environment of Iran.
In February 2009 researchers followed a banded Siberian Crane from the species' wintering grounds at Fereydoon Kenar, Iran to Bujagh. The captive bred crane was released to learn more about the species’ migration routes through western Asia, although researchers lost the signal from the crane’s transmitter shortly after it began its northern migration (learn more about the release of this Siberian Crane).
Following is the site summary from the Ramsar website:
Bujagh National Park. 23/06/75; Gilan; 3,177 ha; 37º27’N 049º55’E. National Park. A broad, shallow embayment of the Caspian Sea and associated deltaic wetlands at the mouth of the Sefid Rud River. With a variety of marine, coastal and inland freshwater and brackish wetland types, the site is important as a spawning and nursery ground for fish, and as breeding, staging and wintering area for waterfowl, including Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus. It supports more than 1% of the Caspian populations of Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons and Whooper Swan Cygnus Cygnus. The site also supports the globally Endangered Caspian Seal Pusa caspica. Bujagh National Park is floristically diverse and has 24 endemic species together with many traditionally-used medicinal plant species. The site is used for recreational and commercial fishing including aquaculture, livestock grazing, reed-cutting, hunting, rice farming and recreation/tourism. It is impacted by waterfowl hunting, transport pressure from commercial fisheries, recreation, uncontrolled summer grazing and illegal fishing; a decrease in wintering waterfowl has been attributed to fishing and hunting disturbance. A management plan is under development. Bujagh National Park is an Important Bird Area and is considered a potential site for the reintroduction of the Siberian Crane. The original Ramsar site (1975) was significantly enlarged as of 17 September 2009. Ramsar site no. 46. Most recent RIS information: 2009.
For more information please contact:
Sadegh Sadeghi Zadegan, SCWP National Project Manager
Department of Environment, Tehran, Iran
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